e-book Whats inside the Proton: The Invisibly Obvious

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Contents:
  1. What goes on inside a proton?
  2. Is a free proton a positive Hydrogen-1 ion? - Physics Stack Exchange
  3. Search form
  4. Unfixable Exploit Is the Latest Apple Security Upheaval

What goes on inside a proton?

It only takes a minute to sign up. The Hydrogen-1 isotope is a form of hydrogen with 1 electron, 1 proton, and 0 neutrons. If that isotope were to lose its electron thus being a Hydrogen-1 ion with a positive charge what would be the different between it and a free proton?


  • What Proton is capable of;
  • Famed Hacker Kevin Mitnick Shows You How to Go Invisible Online;
  • Your Answer.
  • Navigation menu?

The positive Hydrogen-1 would contain 0 electrons, 1 proton, and 0 neutrons and the free proton would obviously contain only 1 proton. Is there a defining factor that would distinguish between a free proton and positive Hydrogen-1 ion? You might think that, the proton lies inside this boundary in case of positive hydrogen-1 ion and the free proton doesn't have any definite boundary.

It is not the case, the diameter of the nuclei of hydrogen atom is nothing but the diameter of the proton. So, there is no difference between positive hydrogen-1 ion and a free proton. Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. The PDF is identical to the blog post. Proton was discovered in "a post in one of the leading, closed Russian cybercrime message boards," Sixgill said. Apple may have updated Xprotect to detect Proton but there's no reason to assume it isn't a threat.

Is a free proton a positive Hydrogen-1 ion? - Physics Stack Exchange

One of the biggest concerns about Proton is how unknown it is. Malwarebytes Labs' article on Proton says that they have been unable to find a sample of it, both websites associated with it are down, and they also assert that Sixgill's analysis seems to have been completely done from information they found on the web and not the malware itself.

See: Think Apple computers are still malware immune? This new attack proves otherwise TechRepublic. All that information, or lack thereof, means the cybersecurity community is largely in the dark about how big of a threat Proton actually is. A YouTube channel associated with Proton has two videos showing what it's capable of, and what they reveal is truly frightening.

Figure A comes from the Sixgill report on Proton and is a direct screen capture from the cybercrime forum where it was discovered. All of those capabilities, as shown in the YouTube videos, can be accessed from a web console once the Proton client is installed on a target machine. It can even bypass Gatekeeper by spoofing an Apple signature on an install bundle.

She would. Kevin Mitnick kevinmitnick is a security consultant, public speaker, and former hacker. Why not? Their personal email accounts contained unique associations—such as specific interests, lists of contacts—that could identify each of them.

Instead Snowden and Poitras decided to create new email addresses. In other words, if both parties were totally anonymous, how would they know who was who and whom they could trust? You need a secure email exchange. By enlisting Lee once again, both Snowden and Poitras could anchor their trust in someone when setting up their new and anonymous email accounts.

Subatomic Particles Explained In Under 4 Minutes

Poitras first shared her new public key with Lee. This he posted to a public site—Twitter. The message might have been compromised.

Search form

Or he might be talking instead to the NSA. In this case, the two matched. It was just the beginning. Both the strength of the mathematical operation and the length of the encryption key determine how easy it is for someone without a key to crack your code. Encryption algorithms in use today are public.

You want that. Public algorithms have been vetted for weakness—meaning people have been purposely trying to break them. Whenever one of the public algorithms becomes weak or is cracked, it is retired, and newer, stronger algorithms are used instead. The keys are more or less under your control, and so, as you might guess, their management is very important.

If you generate an encryption key, you—and no one else—will have the key stored on your device. If you let a company perform the encryption, say, in the cloud, then that company might also keep the key after he or she shares it with you and may also be compelled by court order to share the key with law enforcement or a government agency, with or without a warrant. That means your message stays unreadable until it reaches its intended recipient. Not the telecommunications carrier, website owner, or app developer—the parties that law enforcement or government will ask to turn over information about you.

One is Mailvelope, which neatly handles the public and private encryption keys of PGP. Simply type in a passphrase, which will be used to generate the public and private keys. Then whenever you write a web-based email, select a recipient, and if the recipient has a public key available, you will then have the option to send that person an encrypted message. You'd be surprised by how much can be learned from the email path and the frequency of emails alone. What is email metadata? It is the information in the To and From fields as well as the IP addresses of the various servers that handle the email from origin to recipient.

It also includes the subject line, which can sometimes be very revealing as to the encrypted contents of the message. Metadata, a legacy from the early days of the internet, is still included on every email sent and received, but modern email readers hide this information from display. According to Snowden, our email, text, and phone metadata is being collected by the NSA and other agencies. Technically, no. To become truly invisible in the digital world you will need to do more than encrypt your messages.


  • Protons and Neutrons: The Massive Pandemonium in Matter.
  • Unfixable Exploit Is the Latest Apple Security Upheaval.
  • A Burlesque Autobiography (Annotated) (Large Type Edition).

You will need to:. Remove your true IP address: This is your point of connection to the Internet, your fingerprint. It can show where you are down to your physical address and what provider you use.

Unfixable Exploit Is the Latest Apple Security Upheaval

Defend your anonymity: Attribution online is hard. Proving that you were at the keyboard when an event occurred is difficult. However, if you walk in front of a camera before going online at Starbucks, or if you just bought a latte at Starbucks with your credit card, these actions can be linked to your online presence a few moments later. To start, your IP address reveals where you are in the world, what provider you use, and the identity of the person paying for the internet service which may or may not be you.

All these pieces of information are included within the email metadata and can later be used to identify you uniquely. IP addresses in emails can of course be forged.